The field of periodontology, which deals with the damages in the bones of the tissues surrounding the tooth roots and the diseases caused by these damages, serves in all gingival problems. The preferred area in the diagnosis and treatment planning of gingival diseases, which are common in our society, has great importance for the patient to gain a comfortable chewing function and aid digestion.
Whether the gingiva is healthy or not is noticeable from its color and superficial extension. The color of healthy gingiva is pinkish, and the surface is rough, reminiscent of orange peel. It progresses as a line at approximately the same level as the tooth. Many periodontal diseases are characterized by inflammation (gingivitis) occurring in the gingiva. As the disease progresses, permanent damage may occur in alveolar bones, and serious health problems may occur in the patient’s social life. The risk of infection causes gingival diseases to increase, and tooth loss, and pain.
The basic treatment services applied in the field of periodontology are made in;